Sunday, September 13, 2009

Kaziranga National Park Details

Kaziranga National Park has evolved into tiger reserve in 2007 encompassing an area of 1002 with tiger & rhino as main flagship species.

Kaziranga National Park


Six nos of additional areas


Panbari Rserve Forest


Kukurakata Reserve Forest


Monabari Plantaion


Borachapori Wildlife Sanctuary


Laokhowa Wildlife Sanctuary


Total Area


Salient Features of Kaziranga

  • World’s largest population of Indian One Horned Rhinoceros (2048 as per 2009 estimated)
  • Highest Ecological density of Tiger (100 Tigers year 2009)
  • World’s largest population od Asiatic Wild Buffalo (1937, year 2008)
  • Imortant bird area of India with nearly 500 bird species
  • Significant Population of Asian Elephant (1293, year 2008) thrives in the Park
  • Possess considerable Research, Education and Recreation values.
  • Last surviving population of eastern swamp deer.

Kaziranga’s flora comprises of alluvial grasslands, semi evergreen forests, tropical most mixed deciduous forests, and swamp forests. Grasslands dominate the plain area, with tall ‘elephant’ garsses on the higher grounds and short grasses on the lower grounds surrounding the wetlands or ‘beels’. These extensive grasslands supports mega herbivores like Rhinoceros, Asian Elephant, Wild Buffaloes and Swamp deer. The grasslands have been maintained by annual flood and control burning over the years.


Though Kaziranga is famous all over the world as the “Rhino Land” but many other rare and endangered animals also inhabit the Park. Kaziranga supports more than 35 species of mammals of which 15 belong to schedule 1 of Wildlife Protection Act’1972.

Apart from the Big five the following mammals have been recoreded from the National Park: Capped langur, Hoolock Gibbon, Leopard, Sloth Bear, Gangetic Dolphin, Otter, Wild Bear, Sambar, Swamp Deer, Hog Deer, Barking Deer, Common Langur, Rhesus Macaque, Assamese Macaque, Indian Porcupine, Fishing Cat, Jungle Cat, Large Indian Civet, Small Indian Civet, Common Mongoose, Small
Indian Mongoose, Indian Fox, Jackal, Chinese Ferret Badger, Hog Badger, Eastern Mole, Pangolin, Squirrel, Bats (various species)

Avian Diversity
Due to its location at the junction of East Asian Austral flyway and Indo Asian flyway, kaziranga supports a ricj and varied bird life. In addition to numerous species of resident birds it serves as the winter visiting ground to many migratory birds. Altogether 500 species of birds. Both migratory and resident have been so far identified. The list includes 25 globally important and 21 near threatened species. Kaziranga has also been identified as an Important Bird Area (IBA) by Birdlife International for the conservation of the avifaunal species

  • 1905 Preliminary notification of Kaziranga as Reserve Forest.
  • 1908 Reserve Forest
  • 1916 Game Sanctuary
  • 1937 Sanctuary opened for visitors
  • 1950 Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary
  • 1974 Kaziranga National Park
  • 1985 World-Heritage Site by UNESO-IUCN
  • 2005 Centenary year of successful biodiversity conservation of kaziranga.
  • 2007 Declared as Kaziranga Tiger Reserve.
Big Five of Kaziranga

Greater One horned Rhinoceros, prehistoric looking animal, once spread from Pakistan to Indo-Myanmar border, now confined to few pockets in Assam & Nepal and more than 70% in Kaziranga (2048 as per 2009 estimated)

Population of Royal Bengal Tiger-the spirit of Indian jungle is dense Kaziranga in comparison to other because of high and varied pray population (100 Tigers year 2009)

The Population of Asian (Indian) Elephant has been increasing Kaziranga. (1293 in 2007) against a steady decline in entire North East India is a concern for conservationist because of rapid degradation and loss of habitat and corrider across North East Landscape.

Once wide spread, Asiatic wild buffalo has become rare and endangered species is now found ins pockets of Chattishgarh & Assam in India, Koshi Tapu in Nepal and few individuals in south east Asia. In Kaziranga populations is 1937 in 2008.

Kaziranga harbours last surviving world population (681 in 2007) of this critically endangered species.

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