Legend has it that a young man called Kazi from Karbi Anglong fell in love with a young girl called Ranga. As they would meet clandestinely in the forest, it became their favourite place. One day both of them disappeared never to return - in their memory, the forest was named Kaziranga. Kaziranga National Park in Assam India, is best-known as the home of the Indian Rhinoceros and is an important sanctuary for Indian wildlife.
In the beginning of the nineteenth century, the area around Kaziranga was thinly populated, as it was notorious for its wild animals, malaria and the wrath of the mighty Brahmaputra River that annually changed its course. In 1930 when the famous naturalist E.P.Gee, author of 'Wildlife of India' requested permission to visit Kaziranga, a British forest officer had this to say to him - " No one can enter the place. It is all swamps and leeches and even elephants cannot go there. " Today more than 50,000 people visit this
National Park lies Indian Wildlife. Kaziranga National Park lies in the flood plains of the Brahmaputra River, and is flat country with elephant grass and shallow swamps interspersed with large patches of semi-evergreen forest. It is enclosed by Karbi Anglong in the south, and the Brahmaputra in the north. The Mora Diphlu, Bhengra and the Diphlu rivers also drain the park, together with countless smaller streams that feed the many bheels (lakes) that dot the park. The numerous water bodies are rich reservoirs of food (including fish), which attract thousands of migratory birds from as far afield as Siberia.
While this cycle of life and death is played out every year, what makes Kaziranga the conservation success it is today is the dedication of the staff who have been entrusted with protecting it. Its staff lives in terrible conditions, face gunfire, floods and jungle-fire - yet when they are transferred from Kaziranga, they leave with tears in their eyes. The staff does not believe in using their guns on charging rhinos or elephant bulls - "Bullets are for poachers" is what they say. Till date 12 foresters have sacrificed their lives so that the rhino and other species of Indian wildlife can survive in Kaziranga National Park.